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Mexico is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.

Around 9,000 years ago, ancient indigenous peoples domesticated corn and initiated an agricultural revolution leading to the formation of many civilizations. Between 1,800 and 300 BC, many matured into advanced civilizations such as: the Olmec, the Teotihuacan, the Maya, and the Aztec, which flourished for nearly 4,000 years before the first contact with Europeans.

In the early 16th century, the Aztec civilization was invaded and conquered by the Spaniards led by Cortes. Unintentionally introduced by Spanish conquerors, smallpox ravaged Mesoamerica in the 1520s, killing millions of Aztecs and was credited with the victory of Hernán Cortés over the Aztec empire. Mexico became part of the Spanish Empire under the name of New Spain.

On September 16, 1810, independence from Spain was declared by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and in 1821 the "Treaty of Córdoba" was signed which recognized the independence of Mexico.

A border dispute led to the Mexican–American War, which began in 1846 and lasted for two years; the War was settled via the "Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo", which forced Mexico to give up nearly half of its land to the U.S., including California and New Mexico.

Population: 111,211,789
Capital: Mexico City (Metro population - 21,163,226)
Largest City: Mexico City
Area: 761,606 sq mi (14th largest)
Highest Point: Pico de Orizaba - 18,701 feet
Lowest Point: Caribbean Sea & Pacific Ocean - sea level
Monetary Unit: Mexican Peso
National Flower: Dahlia Pinnata
National Tree: Montezuma Cypress
National Bird: Crested Caracara

Travel Guides (4)

Total Articles: 224  |  Added today: 0 Last updated on: Mar-05-2019

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Cabo San Lucas, Mexico Travel Guide
Cabo San Lucas, Mexico Travel Guide
While titled "Cabo San Lucas Travel Guide", this guide covers the area called Los Cabos which includes San Jose del Cabo and The Corridor. During the last 2 decades, Los Cabos has become one of Mexico's premier tourist destinations.

Added: Jan-12-2006, Hits: 7,780, Reviews: 1, Rating: 2.00, Votes: 1
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Cancun, Mexico Travel Guide
Cancun, Mexico Travel Guide
Cancun was built 35 years ago expressly for tourism purposes and has become one of the most popular destinations in Mexico. Our travel guide will tell you what Cancun is like and offer a wealth of tips.

Added: Jan-17-2005, Hits: 8,482, Reviews: 1, Rating: 2, Votes: 1
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Isla Mujeres, Mexico Travel Guide
Isla Mujeres, Mexico Travel Guide
Isla Mujeres (Isle of Women) defines the phrase "diamond in the ruff". Located just off the shores of Cancun, Isla Mujeres offers a funky, laid back alternative to the party atmosphere of Cancun. Isla Mujeres makes for an excellent day trip or the final destination for your vacation.

Added: Jan-14-2006, Hits: 17,747, Reviews: 1, Rating: 4.00, Votes: 1
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La Paz, Mexico Travel Guide
La Paz, Mexico Travel Guide
La Paz is a big, yet sleepy town on the Sea of Cortez. An excellent destination for those interested in eco-tourism and crowd avoidance. La Paz is a nice city that offers modern accomodations, friendly people, and a beautiful boardwalk.

Added: Jan-12-2006, Hits: 20,792, Reviews: 1, Rating: 4.00, Votes: 1
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